FootballScrimmage.com HomeAdd to Bookmarks  
   

About Football

American College Football FAQs
American College Football Rules
Football Jersey Numbers
Professional Football
Football Terminology
Football Penalties
Football Equipment
Strategy and Preparation
About the Players
Rules of the Game
History of Football
Different Rules of Playing Football

Official NFL Rules

Backward Pass
Ball Specifications
Calling a Safety
Coin Toss
Double Foul
Emergencies & Unfair Acts
Fair Catch
Fair Catch Kicks
Field Goal
Field Specifications
Forward Pass
Foul on Last Play
Fumble
Game Official Responsibilities
Glossary of Terms
Kicks from Scrimmage
Measuring
Pass Interference
Penalities
Penalty Enforced
Player Substitutions
Position of Players at Snap
Protection of a Quarterback
Safety
Spot of Enforcement
Sudden Death
Timing
Timing (Final 2 Minutes)
Try
Use of Hands Arms & Body

Football Tips and Resources

Defensive Backfield
Defensive Line Essentials
Defensive Line Play vs. Pass
Defensive Line Stance
Linebackers
Learning How to Punt & Kick
Offensive Line Center Snap
Quarterback Basics
Quarterback Basic Training
Quarterback Ball Grip
Tight End - Characteristics
Wide Receiver
Wide Receiver - Characteristics

Special Teams Strategy
Defensive Strategy
Specific Offensive Strategies
Special Offensive Plays
Passing Plays
Running Plays
Offensive Formations
Offensive Players
Offensive Strategy
Intro to Football Strategy

 


 


Glossary of Terms

1. Chucking: Warding off an opponent who is in front of a defender by contacting him with a quick extension of arm or arms, followed by the return of arm(s) to a flexed position, thereby breaking the original contact.

2. Clipping: Throwing the body across the back of an opponentís leg or hitting him from the back below the waist while moving up from behind unless the opponent is a runner or the action is in close line play.

3. Close Line Play: The area between the positions normally occupied by the offensive tackles, extending three yards on each side of the line of scrimmage. It is legal to clip above the knee.

4. Crackback: Eligible receivers who take or move to a position more than two yards outside the tackle may not block an opponent below the waist if they then move back inside to block.

5. Dead Ball: Ball not in play.

6. Double Foul: A foul by each team during the same down.

7. Down: The period of action that starts when the ball is put in play and ends when it is dead.

8. Encroachment: When a player enters the neutral zone and makes contact with an opponent before the ball is snapped.

9. Fair Catch: An unhindered catch of a kick by a member of the receiving team who must raise one arm a full length above his head and wave his arm from side to side while the kick is in flight.

10. Foul: Any violation of a playing rule.

11. Free Kick: A kickoff or safety kick. It may be a placekick, dropkick, or punt, except a punt may not be used on a kickoff following a touchdown, successful field goal, or to begin each half or overtime period. A tee cannot be used on a fair-catch or safety kick.

12. Fumble: The loss of possession of the ball.

13. Game Clock: Scoreboard game clock.

14. Impetus: The action of a player that gives momentum to the ball.

15. Live Ball: A ball legally free kicked or snapped. It continues in play until the down ends.

16. Loose Ball: A live ball not in possession of any player.

17. Muff: The touching of a loose ball by a player in an unsuccessful attempt to obtain possession.

18. Neutral Zone: The space the length of a ball between the two scrimmage lines. The offensive team and defensive team must remain behind their end of the ball.
Exception: The offensive player who snaps the ball.

19. Offside: A player is offside when any part of his body is beyond his scrimmage or free kick line when the ball is snapped or kicked.

20. Own Goal: The goal a team is guarding.

21. Play Clock: 40/25 second clock.

22. Pocket Area: Applies from a point two yards outside of either offensive tackle and includes the tight end if he drops off the line of scrimmage to pass protect. Pocket extends longitudinally behind the line back to offensive teamís own end line.

23. Possession: When a player controls the ball throughout the act of clearly touching both feet, or any other part of his body other than his hand(s), to the ground inbounds.

24. Post-Possession Foul: A foul by the receiving team that occurs after a ball is legally kicked from scrimmage prior to possession changing. The ball must cross the line of scrimmage and the receiving team must retain possession of the kicked ball.

25. Punt: A kick made when a player drops the ball and kicks it while it is in flight.

26. Safety: The situation in which the ball is dead on or behind a teamís own goal if the impetus comes from a player on that team. Two points are scored for the opposing team.

27. Shift: The movement of two or more offensive players at the same time before the snap.

28. Striking: The act of swinging, clubbing, or propelling the arm or forearm in contacting an opponent.

29. Sudden Death: The continuation of a tied game into sudden death overtime in which the team scoring first (by safety, field goal, or touchdown) wins.

30. Touchback: When a ball is dead on or behind a teamís own goal line, provided the impetus came from an opponent and provided it is not a touchdown or a missed field goal.

31. Touchdown: When any part of the ball, legally in possession of a player inbounds, breaks the plane of the opponentís goal line, provided it is not a touchback.

32. Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Any act contrary to the generally understood principles of sportsmanship.  

 

 

 

 

 

Some football content is made available in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107. 
All Others: © 2005 FootballScrimmage.com. All Rights Reserved.
Content provided on this site is for educational purposes only and may
not be reproduced in any form without the consent of the copyright owner.
Football Links